Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics

Published by: Kowsar

Early Detection of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder by Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers: a Pilot Study From India

Shivanand Kattimani 1 , * , Siddharth Sarkar 1 , Balaji Bharadwaj 1 , Vengadavaradan Ashvini 2 and Subramanian Mahadevan 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Psychiatry, JIPMER, Dhanvantari Nagar, Pondicherry, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, JIPMER, Dhanvantari Nagar, Pondicherry, India
Article information
  • Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics: August 01, 2014, 5 (3); e21730
  • Published Online: August 25, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 2, 2014
  • Revised: August 2, 2014
  • Accepted: August 24, 2014
  • DOI: 10.17795/compreped-21730

To Cite: Kattimani S, Sarkar S, Bharadwaj B, Ashvini V, Mahadevan S. Early Detection of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder by Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers: a Pilot Study From India, J Compr Ped. 2014 ; 5(3):e21730. doi: 10.17795/compreped-21730.

Copyright © 2014, Iranian Society of Pediatrics. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Polanczyk G, de Lima MS, Horta BL, Biederman J, Rohde LA. The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: a systematic review and metaregression analysis. Am J Psychiatry. 2007; 164(6): 942-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Nijmeijer JS, Minderaa RB, Buitelaar JK, Mulligan A, Hartman CA, Hoekstra PJ. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and social dysfunctioning. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008; 28(4): 692-708[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Hoza B. Peer functioning in children with ADHD. J Pediatr Psychol. 2007; 32(6): 655-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Jargin SV. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): on the Role of Alcohol and Societal Factors. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2013; 1(4): 194-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Hadi N, Saghebi A, Ghanizadeh A, Montazeri A, Psychitrist M. Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life in Mothers of Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Shiraz, 2008-2009. Shiraz E Med J . 2013; 14(91–101)
  • 6. Johnson CP, Myers SM, American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Children With D. Identification and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. 2007; 120(5): 1183-215[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Volkmar FR, State M, Klin A. Autism and autism spectrum disorders: diagnostic issues for the coming decade. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2009; 50(1-2): 108-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Grzadzinski R, Di Martino A, Brady E, Mairena MA, O'Neale M, Petkova E, et al. Examining autistic traits in children with ADHD: does the autism spectrum extend to ADHD? J Autism Dev Disord. 2011; 41(9): 1178-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Kotte A, Joshi G, Fried R, Uchida M, Spencer A, Woodworth KY, et al. Autistic traits in children with and without ADHD. Pediatrics. 2013; 132(3)-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Sinzig J, Walter D, Doepfner M. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: symptom or syndrome? J Atten Disord. 2009; 13(2): 117-26[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. van Steijn DJ, Richards JS, Oerlemans AM, de Ruiter SW, van Aken MA, Franke B, et al. The co-occurrence of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in parents of children with ASD or ASD with ADHD. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012; 53(9): 954-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Lee DO, Ousley OY. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in a clinic sample of children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorders. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2006; 16(6): 737-46[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines. 1992;
  • 14. Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition (Text Revision) Author: American Psychiatr. 2000;
  • 15. Harris SL, Handleman JS. Age and IQ at intake as predictors of placement for young children with autism: a four- to six-year follow-up. J Autism Dev Disord. 2000; 30(2): 137-42[PubMed]
  • 16. Robins DL, Fein D, Barton ML, Green JA. The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers: an initial study investigating the early detection of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2001; 31(2): 131-44[PubMed]
  • 17. Schopler E, Reichler RJ, DeVellis RF, Daly K. Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). J Autism Dev Disord. 1980; 10(1): 91-103[PubMed]
  • 18. Malin AJ. Indian Adaptation of Vineland Social Maturity Scale. Lucknow Indian Psychol Corp. 1971;
  • 19. Shaffer D, Gould MS, Brasic J, Ambrosini P, Fisher P, Bird H, et al. A children's global assessment scale (CGAS). Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1983; 40(11): 1228-31[PubMed]
  • 20. Russell PS, Daniel A, Russell S, Mammen P, Abel JS, Raj LE, et al. Diagnostic accuracy, reliability and validity of Childhood Autism Rating Scale in India. World J Pediatr. 2010; 6(2): 141-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Clark T, Feehan C, Tinline C, Vostanis P. Autistic symptoms in children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1999; 8(1): 50-5[PubMed]
  • 22. Kochhar P, Batty MJ, Liddle EB, Groom MJ, Scerif G, Liddle PF, et al. Autistic spectrum disorder traits in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Child Care Health Dev. 2011; 37(1): 103-10[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Reiersen AM, Constantino JN, Volk HE, Todd RD. Autistic traits in a population-based ADHD twin sample. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007; 48(5): 464-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Mulligan A, Anney RJ, O'Regan M, Chen W, Butler L, Fitzgerald M, et al. Autism symptoms in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: a familial trait which correlates with conduct, oppositional defiant, language and motor disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2009; 39(2): 197-209[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Kroger A, Hanig S, Seitz C, Palmason H, Meyer J, Freitag CM. Risk factors of autistic symptoms in children with ADHD. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011; 20(11-12): 561-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Nijmeijer JS, Arias-Vasquez A, Rommelse NN, Altink ME, Anney RJ, Asherson P, et al. Identifying loci for the overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder using a genome-wide QTL linkage approach. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010; 49(7): 675-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Nath S, Roy R, Mukherjee S. Perinatal complications associated with autism--a case control study in a neurodevelopment and early intervention clinic. J Indian Med Assoc. 2012; 110(8): 526-9[PubMed]
  • 28. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 2013;
  • 29. Singhi P, Malhi P. Clinical and neurodevelopmental profile of young children with autism. Indian Pediatr. 2001; 38(4): 384-90[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments