The Prevalence of Asthenopia and its Determinants Among Schoolchildren

Authors Information
Article Notes and Dates
To Cite : Hashemi H, Khabazkhoob M, Forouzesh S, Nabovati P, Yekta A A, et al. The Prevalence of Asthenopia and its Determinants Among Schoolchildren, J Compr Ped. 2017 ;8(1):e43208. doi: 10.5812/compreped.43208.
Abstract
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnote
References
  • 1. Bhanderi DJ, Choudhary S, Doshi VG. A community-based study of asthenopia in computer operators. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2008; 56(1): 51-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Wajuihian SO. Frequency of asthenopia and its association with refractive errors. African Vis Eye Health. 2015; 74(1): 74-80[DOI]
  • 3. Wiggins NP, Daum KM. Visual discomfort and astigmatic refractive errors in VDT use. J Am Optom Assoc. 1991; 62(9): 680-4[PubMed]
  • 4. Hennessey D, Iosue RA, Rouse MW. Relation of symptoms to accommodative infacility of school-aged children. Optom Vis Sci . 1984; 61(3): 177-83[DOI]
  • 5. Levine S, Ciuffreda KJ, Selenow A, Flax N. Clinical assessment of accommodative facility in symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. J Am Optom Assoc. 1985; 56(4): 286-90[PubMed]
  • 6. Sheedy JE, Saladin J. Association of symptoms with measures of oculomotor deficiencies. Optom Vis Sci. 1978; 55(10): 670-6[DOI]
  • 7. Scheiman M, Cotter S, Kulp MT, Mitchell GL, Cooper J, Gallaway M, et al. Treatment of accommodative dysfunction in children: results from a randomized clinical trial. Optom Vis Sci. 2011; 88(11): 1343-52[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Committee IOL. . American national standard practice for office lighting. 1982;
  • 9. Sheedy JE, Saladin JJ. Phoria, vergence, and fixation disparity in oculomotor problems printed in U.S.A. Optom Vis Sci. 1977; 54(7): 474-8[DOI]
  • 10. Sheedy JE, McCarthy M. Reading performance and visual comfort with scale to grey compared with black-and-white scanned print. Displays. 1994; 15(1): 27-30[DOI]
  • 11. Vilela MA, Castagno VD, Meucci RD, Fassa AG. Asthenopia in schoolchildren. Clin Ophthalmol. 2015; 9: 1595-603[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Abdi S. Asthenopia in schoolchildren. 2007;
  • 13. Vilela MA, Pellanda LC, Fassa AG, Castagno VD. Prevalence of asthenopia in children: a systematic review with meta-analysis. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2015; 91(4): 320-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Sanchez-Roman FR, Perez-Lucio C, Juarez-Ruiz C, Velez-Zamora NM, Jimenez-Villarruel M. [Risk factors for asthenopia among computer terminal operators]. Salud Publica Mex. 1996; 38(3): 189-96[PubMed]
  • 15. Han CC, Liu R, Liu RR, Zhu ZH, Yu RB, Ma L. Prevalence of asthenopia and its risk factors in Chinese college students. Int J Ophthalmol. 2013; 6(5): 718-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Yekta A, Fotouhi A, Hashemi H, Dehghani C, Ostadimoghaddam H, Heravian J, et al. The prevalence of anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus in schoolchildren of Shiraz, Iran. Strabismus. 2010; 18(3): 104-10[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Faghihi M, Ostadimoghaddam H, Yekta AA. Amblyopia and strabismus in Iranian schoolchildren, Mashhad. Strabismus. 2011; 19(4): 147-52[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Razavi H, Kuper H, Rezvan F, Amelie K, Mahboobi-Pur H, Oladi MR, et al. Prevalence and causes of severe visual impairment and blindness among children in the lorestan province of iran, using the key informant method. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2010; 17(2): 95-102[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Ma L, Ahati A, Liu XT, Zou ZY, Li Y, Wang MF, et al. [Epidemiology and related factor analysis of visual fatigue in university students of Haidian District of Beijing]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. 2011; 43(3): 365-9[PubMed]
  • 20. Ip JM, Robaei D, Rochtchina E, Mitchell P. Prevalence of eye disorders in young children with eyestrain complaints. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006; 142(3): 495-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Sterner B, Gellerstedt M, Sjostrom A. Accommodation and the relationship to subjective symptoms with near work for young school children. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2006; 26(2): 148-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Mocci F, Serra A, Corrias GA. Psychological factors and visual fatigue in working with video display terminals. Occup Environ Med. 2001; 58(4): 267-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Westman M, Liinamaa MJ. Relief of asthenopic symptoms with orthoptic exercises in convergence insufficiency is achieved in both adults and children. J Optom. 2012; 5(2): 62-7[DOI]
  • 24. Owens DA, Wolf-Kelly K. Near work, visual fatigue, and variations of oculomotor tonus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1987; 28(4): 743-9[PubMed]
  • 25. Mvitu MM, Kaimbo WK. [Manifestations of asthenopia in Black subjects]. Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol. 2003; (289): 45-9[PubMed]
  • 26. Neugebauer A, Fricke J, Russmann W. Asthenopia: frequency and objective findings. Ger J Ophthalmol. 1992; 1(2): 122-4[PubMed]
  • 27. Alexander JA, Joyes D, Liew C, Omrod M, Wong A. A survey of cases in Sydney optometric practices: Age and sex distributions; symptoms and reasons for consultation. Aust J Optom. 1985; 68(4): 133-8
  • 28. McKay ME, Woodruff CE, Rumsey JM. Analysis of an optometry school's patient population. J Optom. 2002; 27: 381-5
  • 29. Scheiman M, Mitchell GL, Cotter S, Cooper J, Kulp M, Rouse M, et al. A randomized clinical trial of treatments for convergence insufficiency in children. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005; 123(1): 14-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Scheiman M, Wick B. Clinical management of binocular vision: heterophoric, accommodative, and eye movement disorders. 2008;
  • 31. Marran LF, De Land PN, Nguyen AL. Accommodative insufficiency is the primary source of symptoms in children diagnosed with convergence insufficiency. Optom Vis Sci. 2006; 83(5): 281-9[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiaion Alert via Google Reader

Cited By:

Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics accepts terms & conditions of:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Citedby Linking DOI enabled Crossref iThenticate COPE Cross Check