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The Study of Children Poisoning in 3895 Patients Residing in Tehran

AUTHORS

Akbar Koushanfar 1 , * , Mohammad Reza Boloorsaz 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Pediatrics, Loghman Hakim Medical Center, Iran

2 Department of Pediatrics, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics: 1 (1); 52-54
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 1, 2007
Accepted: January 1, 2007

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Abstract

Background: Poisoning is a health hazard in every country and is currently responsible for 7% of world mortalities and this proportion is predicted to rise. This study was performed to determine the incidence of unintentional children poisoning in Tehran.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study which was performed in one year (2003). Clinical and para clinical investigations were performed including WBC count, BG, and determination of the blood level of drugs. Chest-x-ray was taken if needed.
Results: A total number of 3895 patients were admitted and investigated, out of which 3790 were out patients (97.3%). Most cases were at the age range of 2-3 years. 25% were under 6 years of age. kerosene was the most common cause of poisoning in 908 patients (23.5%)followed by whitening products (whitex) in 331 (8.5%) patients.
Conclusion: During the past years, morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases have been controlled in Iran. However at present a high proportion of children are victims of unintentional poisoning because all age groups are at risk of poisoning. Since in most cases poisoning is preventable it must be considered as a priority in health control programs in Iran.

Keywords

Unintentional Accidental Hydrocarbon (Gasoline, Kerosene, Petroleum)

© 0, Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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